Quick Info

Name:
Zimbabwe

More about Zimbabwe

Capital: Harare
Language: English, Shona, Ndebele
Currency: United States Dollar (USD), Euro (EUR), Botswana Pula (BWP), Pound Sterling (GBP), Renminbi (CNY), Indian Rupee (INR), South African Rand (ZAR)
Time zone: CAT (UTC +2)

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa. It is bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, and Mozambique.

From the late 1800’s, the British had control over the territory they named Rhodesia in honour of Rhodes. Southern Rhodesia would later become Zimbabwe while northern Rhodesia became Zambia. Many forts were set up and guarded by British armed police, one of the forts known as Fort Salisbury is now known as Harare. With settling of Europeans taking place, the British took control over labour, precious metals and other natural resources in the area.

Zimbabwe gained full independence from Britain in 1980 when Robert Mugabe became prime minister.

Zimbabwe has a tropical climate with arid areas in the south, extreme heat in the Zambezi valley, and cool temperatures with highest rainfall in the Eastern Highlands. Temperatures at higher altitudes vary from 12o in winter to 24o in summer. Temperatures are usually higher in lower altitude areas reaching up to 38o during summer in lowland valleys.

Rainfall increases towards the east due to location of high plains with southern areas receiving limited rainfall. The rain season is from November to March while the cool, dry season stretches from May to August.