Peru (officially named the Republic of Peru) is a country in South America that’s home to a section of Amazon rainforest. The Peruvian Amazon covers 60% of the country. You will also find Machu Picchu, an ancient Incan city high in the Andes mountains. There are no words to describe this city in the sky, you simply must see it for yourself. The region around Machu Picchu, including the Sacred Valley, Inca Trail and colonial city of Cusco, is rich in archaeological sites.