Quick Info

Name:
Mongolia

More about Mongolia

Capital: Ulaanbaatar or Ulan Bator
Language: Mongolian
Currency: Tugrik
Time zone: MST (UTC +7/+8). MST (UTC +8/+9) in Summer

Mongolia is a landlocked sovereign state in East Asia between China and Russia. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia. With only 1.7 people per km², Mongolia has the lowest population density among all independent countries in the world, and it is this vast and majestic emptiness that is bringing the traveller, as it does, into a close communion with nature and its nomadic inhabitants. Ulaanbaatar or Ulan Bator is Mongolia’s capital and largest city. The city is not part of any aimag (province), and its population as of 2015 was over 1.4 million; almost half of the country’s total population. The city was founded in 1639 as a nomadic Buddhist monastic centre. In 1778, it settled permanently at its present location, the junction of the Tuul and Selbe rivers. The Mongolian capital elicits as much shock as it does excitement.