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Name:
Brazil

More about Brazil

Capital: Brasilia
Language: Portuguese
Currency: Real (R$)
Time zone: BRT (UTC-2 to -5)

Country Information
Brazil is a huge country that possesses a great variety of natural wonders, interesting culture, a bustling nightlife, a diverse wildlife, beautiful beaches, wonderful festivals, scrumptious food, samba dancing, and much, much more.

Brazil comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast. Brazil is the fifth biggest country in the world and is bordered by all countries in South America except for Ecuador and Chile. This big country covers 47% of the continents land area. Brazil contains a major portion of the Amazon river basin and contains one third of Latin America’s population.

Climate
Brazil is something of an all-year round destination with temperatures rarely below 20°C, except for in the mountains and southern regions. The climate in Brazil varies from hot and dry along the coast to humid and sticky in the tropical rainforest of Amazon jungle. The summer in Brazil runs from December to February and the winter is from June to September. Since Brazil covers almost half of the South American continent the climate varies a lot between the regions.

Culture
The Brazilian culture is one of the world’s most varied and diverse as it has been greatly influenced by Portuguese and African people, as well as other European countries like Italy, Germany and Spain. This diverse cultural background has helped boast many celebrations and festivals that have become known around the world. One of them is the colourful Carnival of Brazil which is an annual carnival held 51 days before Easter. The carnival is the most famous holiday here and has become an event of huge proportions. For almost a week festivities are intense, day and night, mainly in the bigger and coastal cities. They are wearing masks and colourful costumes and dance to the beat of drums and music. During this time shops can close down to join the parade and dance their way through the city till late evening.

Portuguese is the national “language” in Brazil, but it has it’s differences when compared with European Portuguese. This is because the Brazilian Portuguese has incorporated words and phrases from the African and Indigenous people. Brazil has over 180 Indigenous languages that are mostly spoken in rural areas.

Gastronomy
The food scene in Brazil is a culinary melting pot merging influences from all over the world. It varies a lot between the regions, they have their own way of cooking and their own traditional dishes. The brazilian people love to cook with their fresh fruit and vegetables like okra, coconuts corn and beans. Many national dishes contains beans, rice or manioc (cassava) flour. A very popular dish here contains just rice and beans. In variation to rice and beans, Brazilians also eat pasta dishes and of course, pizza, usually made in a wood-fire oven with a thin, flexible crust.

Feijoada is often described as the national dish here, especially in Rio de Janeiro, as other parts of Brazil have their own regional dishes. The dish contains black beans, a variety of salted pork or beef product, and at least two types of sausages and jerked beef. In some regions vegetable or banana is added to the stew at the end of the cooking. It is usually served with white rice and oranges on a Saturday afternoon or for Sunday lunch.